Lemon Essential Oil.
This wonderful poem by Pablo Neruda, the Chilean poet, embodies, introduces and captures the essence of this wonderful citrus fruit.
of a miracle,
and a clotting of acids
into the starry
so the freshness lives on
in a lemon,
in the sweet-smelling house of the rind,
the proportions, arcane and acerb.
Cutting the lemon
leaves a little cathedral:
alcoves unguessed by the eye
that open acidulous glass
to the light; topazes
riding the droplets,
So, while the hand
holds the cut of the lemon,
half a world
on a trencher,
the gold of the universe
to your touch:
a cup yellow
a breast and a nipple
perfuming the earth;
a flashing made fruitage,
the diminutive fire of a planet.
The Chilean poet.
Descriptions of the plant, its family and source.
Latin name - Cistus limonum
Family - Rutaceae
The Lemon tree originates from South East Asia, now it is grown all over the world, Australia, America,( notably California and Florida,) South Africa, India, China, the Far and Middle East and of course all over the Mediterranean.
This small, thorny evergreen citrus tree grows to about 6 metres.The leaves are serrated and oval. The small ,heavily perfumed and fragrant flowers are white on the inside and pink on the outside, these blossoms flower all year long which means that fruit is produced all year long too, in fact a mature tree can produce up to 1,000 lemons annually.
Principal constituents and method of extraction.
The essential oil is obtained from the outer rind , the outer part of the peel, this is pressed hard to extract the oil in a method called cold expression, up to 3,000 lemons are required to obtain a kilo of essential oil.
The oil when extracted is a pale greeny yellow which smells of lemon, this oil will turn brown with age.
The main constituent is limonene about 70 to 80% and then terpinenes, pinenes, sabinene, myrcene, linalol, citral, geraniol, octanol, nonanol, bergamotene and citronellal.
Lemon Essential Oil - Uses in Aromatherapy.
Lemon is known a a polyvalent, a cure-all, indeed its attributes and therapeutic qualities are widely recognised and acknowledged. In aromatherapy it is used as an anti-anaemic, antimicrobial, antisclerotic, antirheumatic, antiscorbutic, antiseptic, antitoxic, antispasmodic, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrisant, diuretic, depurative, febrifuge, haemostatic,insecticidal, rubefacient, tonic and vermifuge.